1. The Early Modern Age: the Ancien Régime

2. The transformation of the Ancien Régime

3. The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Empire

4. The Industrial Revolution

5. Restoration, liberalism and nationalism

6. Capitalism and imperialism

7. World War I

8. The Russian Revolution

9. The inter-war crisis

10. World War II

11. The Cold War

12. The Contemporary World